Afghanistan is a landlocked country located in South Asia, bordered by Pakistan to the east and south, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north. It has a population of approximately 38 million people and its capital and largest city is Kabul.
Afghanistan has a rich history, with roots dating back to ancient times, including the Persian Empire and Alexander the Great. It has been occupied by various foreign powers throughout its history, including the British Empire and the Soviet Union. In recent years, Afghanistan has been the site of ongoing conflict, including the US-led invasion in 2001 and the Taliban insurgency.
Afghanistan is a diverse country with various ethnic groups, languages, and religions. It has a predominantly Muslim population, with the majority practicing Sunni Islam. The official languages are Dari and Pashto, although many other languages are also spoken.
Afghanistan is a developing country with a primarily agricultural economy. It is rich in natural resources, including minerals such as copper and iron, as well as opium, which is a major export. Afghanistan faces numerous challenges, including poverty, political instability, corruption, and ongoing conflict.