The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the principal federal investigative and domestic intelligence service agency of the United States. Established on July 26, 1908, the FBI operates under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of Justice. Its primary mission is to uphold and enforce federal laws, protect and defend the United States against terrorist and foreign intelligence threats, uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal, and international partners.
The FBI's investigative responsibilities cover a wide range of criminal activities, including but not limited to cybercrime, public corruption, white-collar crime, organized crime, terrorism, espionage, and violent crimes. The agency employs a combination of traditional investigative techniques and cutting-edge technology to combat various threats to national security and public safety. The FBI's jurisdiction extends beyond state lines, enabling it to address criminal activities that have a significant impact on the nation as a whole.
The FBI is headed by a Director, who is appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the Senate. The Director serves a ten-year term, providing continuity and independence for the agency. The FBI operates field offices across the country, as well as legal attach� offices (known as LEGATs) in numerous foreign countries. The agency's commitment to upholding the rule of law, protecting American citizens, and maintaining national security has made it a critical component of the United States' law enforcement and intelligence community.