France, officially known as the French Republic, is a country located in Western Europe. It has a population of approximately 67 million people and its capital and largest city is Paris. France is the third-largest country in Europe by land area and has a diverse geography that includes the Alps, Pyrenees, and Massif Central mountain ranges, as well as the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea coastlines.
France has a rich history and culture, with roots dating back to ancient times, including the Gallo-Roman period and the medieval era. It is known for its contributions to art, fashion, and cuisine, including figures such as Claude Monet, Coco Chanel, and Julia Child. In recent years, France has become a major economic and political power, with the world's sixth-largest economy and significant influence in international affairs.
France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with a President as the head of state and a Prime Minister as the head of government. It has a system of 13 administrative regions, each with its own government and assembly. The official language is French, and it is widely spoken throughout the country.
France is known for its contributions to the arts, including literature, theater, and cinema. It is also known for its culinary traditions, with dishes such as croissants, coq au vin, and ratatouille. France faces numerous challenges, including social inequality, immigration issues, and ongoing tensions with other countries over issues such as trade and security.