Garlic is a plant that belongs to the leek. Bulbs grow on it. The individual parts inside are called cloves. The cloves, or the juice from them, are used as a spice in the kitchen. Some people also believe that garlic can heal people.
Garlic originally came from central Asia. Today, however, it is known all over the world. It grows well in mild climates, where it is neither too hot nor too cold. Four-fifths of the world's garlic is now grown in China: 20 million tonnes every year.
The plants are herbaceous and can grow 30 to 90 centimetres high. There are up to twenty cloves in a bulb of garlic. If you put such cloves back into the ground, a new plant can grow from them.
The juice from garlic cloves has a pungent taste, similar to that of onions. You can also make vinegar from squeezed garlic. Some people don't like garlic so much because of the smell, some even get an allergy.