HTML, or HyperText Markup Language, is a standard markup language used in web development to create the structure and presentation of content on the World Wide Web. Developed by Tim Berners-Lee in 1991, HTML serves as the backbone of web pages, allowing developers to define and organize various elements such as text, images, links, forms, and multimedia within a document.

The fundamental building blocks of HTML are called tags, which are enclosed in angle brackets (< >) and come in pairs to define the beginning and end of an element. Tags provide the structure and semantics of a web page, indicating how content should be displayed and how different elements relate to each other. HTML documents are typically saved with a ".html" file extension.

HTML is complemented by cascading style sheets (CSS) and JavaScript, forming the trio commonly referred to as HTML, CSS, and JS. CSS is responsible for styling and layout, allowing developers to control the visual presentation of HTML elements, while JavaScript enables dynamic and interactive features, enhancing the user experience.

HTML has evolved over the years, with different versions introducing new features and improvements. The latest version is HTML5. HTML5 incorporates modern web standards and includes new elements and attributes to support multimedia, graphics, and interactive content. It also focuses on enhancing compatibility across different devices and browsers.

The significance of HTML lies in its role as the foundation of the web, providing a standardized and structured way to create and present content. As the internet continues to evolve, HTML remains a fundamental skill for web developers and designers, serving as the basis for creating accessible, well-organized, and visually appealing web pages.

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