Jesus, also known as Jesus Christ, is a central figure in Christianity and is considered by Christians to be the son of God and the Messiah. According to Christian teachings, he was born in Bethlehem, Judea, around 4 to 6 B.C. His mother was the Virgin Mary, and his earthly father was Joseph. The Gospels of the New Testament, particularly Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, provide accounts of Jesus' life, teachings, miracles, crucifixion, and resurrection.
Jesus' teachings emphasized love, compassion, and forgiveness. He is often regarded as a moral and spiritual leader, emphasizing the importance of humility and service to others. His parables, such as the Good Samaritan and the Prodigal Son, are well-known for conveying moral lessons. The Sermon on the Mount, found in the Gospel of Matthew, contains some of the core ethical teachings attributed to Jesus.
The crucifixion of Jesus is a central event in Christian theology. According to the Gospels, he was arrested, tried, and sentenced to death by crucifixion by the Roman authorities. Christians believe that through his sacrificial death, Jesus atoned for the sins of humanity, providing a path to salvation. The resurrection of Jesus, as described in the Gospels, is a key element of Christian faith, symbolizing victory over death and the promise of eternal life for believers.
Jesus' impact extends beyond Christianity, as he is also recognized as a prophet in Islam. His life and teachings have left an enduring legacy, shaping the course of Western civilization and inspiring countless individuals to follow his example of love, compassion, and selflessness.