Romania is a country located in southeastern Europe, bordered by Ukraine, Moldova, Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria, and the Black Sea. It has a population of approximately 19 million people and its capital and largest city is Bucharest. Romania is the seventh-most populous member state of the European Union.
Romania has a complex history, with a mix of Roman, Greek, Ottoman, and Austro-Hungarian influences. It gained its independence in the late 19th century and went through a period of rapid modernization and industrialization in the 20th century. In recent years, Romania has made significant progress in areas such as democracy, human rights, and economic development.
Romania is a semi-presidential republic with a President as the head of state and a Prime Minister as the head of government. It has a system of 41 counties and one municipality, with Bucharest being a separate administrative unit. The official language is Romanian, which is spoken by the majority of the population.
Romania is known for its scenic landscapes, including the Carpathian Mountains, the Danube Delta, and the Black Sea coast. It is also known for its cultural heritage, including medieval castles, monasteries, and painted churches. Romania is home to a diverse mix of ethnic and linguistic groups, including Romanians, Hungarians, Germans, and Roma. The country faces numerous challenges, including corruption, social inequality, and brain drain.